Dr Arindam Ghosh

Consultant Gastrointestinal Surgery

SAUDI GERMAN HOSPITAL,DUBAI

25 yrs of surgical expertise
Experience of 12000 plus GI surgeries
1000 plus Bariatric surgeries (MGB, RYGB & Sleeve)
Catering patients from US, UK, Asia, Africa Europe & Middle East.

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PANCREAS

Dr Arindam Ghosh Senior Consultant SGH Dubai UAE,has special interest and expertise in pancreatic surgery.he has performed 500 plus pancreatic surgeries with mimimum complications.
 
PROCEDURES IN WHICH WE SPECIALIZE AND ARE ROUTINELY DONE IN OUR CENTER
 
Lap whipple's resection
Left pancreatectomy,spleen preserving & modular pancreatectomy
Frey's operation
Partington-rochelle lpj
Lap necrosectomy
Bilioenteric bypass
Lap cbd exploration
Lap excision of choledochal cyst
 
 
DISEASES OF PANCREAS
 
Acute pancreatitis
Chronic pancreatitis
Pancreatic cancers ( head, body,tail)
 
 
ACUTE PANCREATITIS
 
Causes
 
Gallstone
Alcohol
Symptoms and complications
 
 severe pain in abdomen
Multi system organ dysfunction
Severe acute pancreaitis can be lethal
80% of the times these are edematous pancreatitis and are self limiting
20% of the cases these are necrotising.portion of the pancreas goes non viable. Leads to cardiac, pulmonary, renal and all other system failures.
Management
 
Noting the iv fluids and nutrition, icu care    followed by sugical debriment of necrotic   tissue if the necroses become infected.this is wopn(walled off pancreatic necroses).this surgical treatment can be done laparoscopically,percutaneously or endoscopically or it can be done as an open treatment in a conventional way.
 
Results
 
Current results are pretty appreciable almost 80% goes home.still it has 20% mortality depending on the extent of necroses.
 
 
 
CHRONIC PANCREATITIS
 
Causes:alcohol,idiopathic
 
Pseudocyst is a result of acute or chronic pancreatitis.
 
Symptomatic,complicated or enlarging psudoccyst of pancreas can be managed surgically laparoscopically by cystogastrostomy or a cystojejunostomy where the communication of the cyst is done with the stomoch or the jejunum.
 
 
 
TRUE CYST
 
Mucinous cyst,serous cyst or solid papillary tumors .serous cystadenomas do not require treatment unless they are symptomatic or are very large.mucinous cyst always require treatment as they have a potential to become malignant.
 
IPMT
 
Intraductal papillary mucinous tumor.which are of great interest as it is picked up very commonly due to newer imaging techniques.ipmt  if communicated directly with the duct in the head needs to be removed.if it is in the tail and the body and have no direct communication they need to be observed.they have a malignant potential but not always necessarily malignant.so need to be observed followed up and treated.
 
AUTOIMMUNE PANCREATITIS
 
Behaving as pancreatic head mass , shots of steroid leeds to remission of disease.It is a disease where pancreas become fibrosed and calcified.cause in northern part of india is not very well known .In southern part of india it is known as tropical pancreatitis.stones are formed within the pancreatic duct and parenchyma.duct becomes dilated with a large inflamatory head mass.
 
2.chronic pancreatitis may result into exocrine and endocrine insufficiency mainly diabetes mellitus and malabsorbtive symptoms.
 
MANAGEMENT OF PAIN
 
Chronic pancreatitis require a surgical  intervention.it requires pancreatic ductal drainage and coring of head of pancreas k/a frey’s opration
 
Other problem for which the surgical treatment is warrented is  obstruction and jaundice because of the cbd stricture ,duodenal obstruction or splenic vein thrombosis.
 
NEOPLASIA OF PANCREAS is mostly malignant specially if it is in the head and is solid in nature.if in the periampullary region it is resectable and most of the times  results are good.if in the head the results are comparatively not that good but surgery is the only chance for cure and aggressive resection of the tumor along with the portal vein if it is involved is warranted.
 
We can boast of remarkable achievement with the mortality of only 0.5% in 200 consecutive surgeries
 
Patients presentation
 
Weight loss
Jaundice
Large palpable gallbladder
Large liver
If the tumor is periampullary pain is minimal.painless progressive jaundice wuth the palpable gallbladder and enlarged liver is a very important sign of periampullary cancer.head and body cancers cause unremitting pain.
Surgery
 
Whipples procedure
 
Multiple organ resection is done.gallbladder cbd duodenum part of stomach head of pancreas & proximal 10 cm of jejunum is resected followed by reconstruction of pancreas with the jejunum (pancreato jejunostomy),cbd with the jejunum(hepatico jejunostomy),restoration of bowel continuty by joining stomach with the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy).its the cadillac of abdominal operations.per operative mortality and morbidity has come dowm drastically in present days                           pancreatic tail cancers are treated by distal pancreatectomy with spleenectomy & lymph node dissection.they are not detected in early stages,they are detected in later stages due to lack of symptoms.if found as a lump & pain on the left side of the abdomen it can be detected early and good results can be achieved after complete resection laparoscopically or open.
 
 
 
Pancreatic body tumors are usually not resectable as they invade the vessels, like superior mesentric artery  & celiac axis or the aorta as the detection is late .so pancreatic body tumors are difficult to treat and the median life expectancy is not more then 6 mt.
 
Pancreatic cysts
 
These are new lesions which are detected due to newer imaging techniques.it can be
 
1.true cyst
 
2.pseudocyst pancreas the aorta as the detection is late .so pancreatic body tumors are difficult to treat and the median life expectancy is not more then 6 mt.
 

PANCREAS